Congratulations on your
purchase of the H20pe System. This system will allow you to not only purify
water from various water sources but can also be used as a water pressure
system along with a solar generator. With all these variations tied into
one machine now you're able to take one on the go system for these critical
survival needs. The H2OPE System can seem overwhelming at first. As we break
down the system and see how all the parts work and the flow of the system
you'll become an expert in no time.
The major components to the H2OPE System are the batteries, pumps, water
purification, solar panel, charging unit, and power outlets. The system
can be run as a power generator, water purification system and water pump.
The system is capable of running all these functions together or alone.
This system is capably of saving your life so proper use and maintenance
H2OPE System(Water Purification Energy System)
Table of Contents
System Overview(pg )
Types of Batteries and Details(pg )
Battery Installation (pg )
Battery Wiring Instructions(pg )
Battery Maintenance (pg )
Capabilities & Specifications (pg )
Priming Water (pg )
Pumping Water (pg )
Types of Filters and Sizes (pg )
When Do Filters Need to Be Changed?
Changing Filters (pg )
Maintenance of Filters (pg )
Purified Water Production (pg )
RO Water Production (pg )
Alkaline Water Production (pg )
Solar Panel (pg )
Charge Controller (pg )
Power Inverter DC to AC (pg )
Power outlets and Capabilities (pg )
Trouble Shooting Problems
No Water Being Pumped
Water in Container
Motor Won't Stop Running
Motor Getting Hot
The H2OPE System is a portable battery powered pumping system able to
purify water and generating usable electricity. The system uses one or
two DC 12v pumps(depending on model) to generate up to 55psi(Pounds Per
Square Inch)of water pressure within the unit. This pressurized water
is forced through the water filters in order to purify water. The pumps
can also draw water from a water source and then pump that water to another
location. It is best to have the water gravity fed into the unit as sucking
the water with the pumps will shorten the overall life of the pump. The
ability to pump from one source to another allows for pressurized plumbing
to be created in an off grid situation where no electricity is provided
by outside sources. The system is self reliant, this means it provides
it's own source of electricity to run all it's power needs. The system
can be upgraded and linked to already existing solar arrays and battery
banks to provide more versatility.
The system is mobile and can be used both indoors and outdoors. (Outdoor
use is restricted when temperatures are below freezing as water in the
unit can expand and damage parts. Do not use outdoors in these types of
conditions ever.) (Indoor use is also restricted when proper ventilation
is not provided for batteries being charged. Batteries in a charging state
can give off dangerous gases and should be properly vented or done outside.)
Always follow the manufacturers directions when using and working with
Types of Batteries and Details::
1) RV or Marine type deep cycle batteries: These are mainly for boats
& campers and are suitable for the unit but are not the best choice.
These can be used but do not really have the capacity for continuous service
with many charge/discharge cycles for many years. Regular or Car
batteries should not be used (but can be if only battery available) but
they cannot be discharged very much without internal damage.
The next 3 types are the heavier industrial type batteries. They are all
also considered Deep Cycle and are usually Lead Acid types with much thicker
internal plates that can withstand many deep discharge cycles. These next
3 are all designed for alternative energy systems.
2) Lead acid batteries: Many manufacturers make these types for Solar
Energy use. Trojan, Surrette, and Deka are probably the most well known.
They are reasonably priced and work well for many years. All flooded batteries
release gas when charged and should not be used indoors. If installed
in an enclosure, a venting system should be used to vent out the gases
which can be explosive.
3) Sealed gel batteries: No vents and will not release gas during the
charging process like flooded batteries do. Venting is therefore not required
and they can be used indoors. This is a big advantage because it allows
the batteries to maintain a more constant temperature and perform better.
4)Absorbed Glass Mat batteries: The best choice for solar applications.
A woven glass mat is used between the plates to hold the electrolyte.
They are leak/spill proof, do not out gas when charging, and have superior
performance. They have all the advantages of the sealed gel types and
are higher quality, maintain voltage better, self discharge slower, and
last longer. The Sun Xtender series by Concorde Battery is an excellent
example of AGM batteries. They are more expensive, but you usually get
what you pay for. You will find this type of battery used in airplanes,
hospitals, and remote telephone/cell tower installations.
Installing batteries in the H2ope System requires heavy lifting and proper
careful placement so as not to damage the unit. Batteries can be very
heavy and large and the space within the unit doesn't provide much room
for error. Up to 3 full sized deep cell batteries, can be installed within
the unit and proper placement is essential to connect the system. Place
batteries on the opposite side of the water filters. .
Pumps and hoses may need to be pushed aside to make room for the final
battery as this battery has to be put in straight to fit. Batteries can
also be plugged in from the back battery quick connect if no batteries
are needed inside the unit just make sure to cover the ends of the wires
within the compartment so to not have them arc.
Battery Wiring Instructions
The H2OPE System batteries power the unit and should be deep cell batteries.
Up to 3 batteries can be installed within the unit. The batteries are
to be connected in parallel as the system runs on a 12volt current.
Parallel wiring is quite easy and straight forward. A wire of adequate
gauge is attached from the positive terminal on one battery to the positive
terminal on the next battery. Likewise, a wire of adequate gauge is attached
from the negative terminal on one battery to the negative terminal on
the next battery, 6 gauge wire connectors is recommended.
Outfitting your H2ope system and the batteries used is the consumers responsibility
and choice. Batteries are not sold with the unit. Proper installation
and maintenance is the responsibility of said user and installer. Please
read and follow all precautions on battery labels when installing any
When the batteries are aligned and hooked up according to a parallel series
the next step is to connect the systems positive and negative wires to
the batteries. It is always advisable to connect the red(positive(+) wire
first as less spark results when doing it this way. Connect the red wire
from the H2ope System to the positive post of the battery(+). Next connect
the negative wire from the H2ope system to the negative post from the
Battery Maintenance is an important issue. The battery should be clean.
Cable connection needs to be clean and tightened. Many battery problems
are caused by dirty and loose connections. Serviceable battery needs to
have the fluid level checked regularly and only at a full charge. The
fluid level will always be higher at a full charge. Distilled water is
best; tap water is loaded with chemicals and minerals that are harmful
to your battery, but not as bad as no water. Don't overfill battery cells
especially in warmer weather. The natural fluid expansion in hot weather
will push excess electrolytes from the battery. To prevent corrosion of
cables on top post batteries, use a small bead of silicon sealer at the
base of the post and place a felt battery washer over it. Coat the washer
with high temperature grease or petroleum jelly (Vaseline). Then place
cable on post and tighten, coat the exposed cable end with the grease.
Most folks don't know that just the gases from the battery condensing
on metal parts cause most corrosion.
Think Safety First. (gloves and eye protection)
Regular inspection and maintenance especially in hot weather.
Recharge batteries immediately after discharge.
Buy the highest RC reserve capacity or AH amp hour battery that will fit
Battery Do Not
Don't add new electrolyte (acid).
Don't use unregulated high output battery charger to charge batteries.
Don't disconnect battery cables while system is running your battery
acts as a filter.
Don't put off recharging batteries.
Don't add tap water as it may contain minerals that will contaminate the
Don't discharge a battery any deeper than you possibly have to.(no more
Don't let a battery get hot to the touch and boil violently when charging.
Don't mix size and types of batteries
The internet is filled with tons of helpful information about batteries
and how to maintain them and get the most from your investment. It's worth
every minute taken to learn how batteries work and what is need to get
the most life out of them. Simple Google any questions and concerns you
come up with and become an expert at maintaining your batteries for these
are the power of the system. Batteries will be charging if the unit is
left outside in the sun. If you choose simple hook up a battery charger
to keep the batteries charged when indoors.
Capabilities & Specifications
The H2ope system uses as it's pumping system the Revolution SHURflo 4008
pumps. SHURflos New Revolution fresh water pump design was
created with a unique one-piece diaphragm and internal by-pass, assuring
long life and top performance in all plumbing systems. Designed as the
next legendary pump to exceed the expectations of our customers, the Revolution
Pump is built for high flow demand, low noise and no rapid cycling. SHURflos
quality reputation has been built on the reliability and dependability
of every pump we build. The 4008 Revolution fresh water automatic
demand pump is super quiet, thermally protected and can run dry without
damage. Mounts in any position. Auto shutdown if pump overheats.
*For more in depth details on
these pumps refer to manufacturers owners manual.
Model Numbers OEM/Aftermarket :4008-101-A65,4008-101-E65
Voltage :12V DC
Dimensions Inches/Millimeters: 4.9 x 8.1 x 4.3 [125
x 206 x 110mm]
Flow Rate GPM/LPM :3.0 GPM [11.4 LPM]
Amps (Max.) : 7.5 (Typical running amp 3.2)
Shut-Off Pressure :55 PSI - 35PSI engagement
The pumps are 1/2 inlets
and outlets into food grade piping. Sharkbite quick connects make servicing
the pumps easier in a pump ever needs to be replaced.
The top right pump is used to pump water through the filters and out the
filter valve. The bottom left pump is to pump water directly through the
system with no filtration at all. This is used as a pumping option only.
Valves located on the side of the system is used to turn pumps on and
off as pumps switch on when water pressure is lost. This is identical
to how RV's work for running showers and water pressure needs off grid.
When the proper pressure is reached within the unit the pump will shut
off. This allows the unit to be ready and pressurized at all
times without the motors running all the time.
Priming the System for First Time Use
The SHURflo pumps have a self priming ability built into them. This allows
water to be drawn to the pump to then be pushed out. The priming ability
is critical as manually siphoning is difficult and frustrating to do.
Although the system can prime itself the ability to do this and results
will vary. The pumps are not designed to draw water from long distances
and or deep wells but instead to draw water from a level surface. The
size of the hose has allot to do with the pumps siphoning abilities. Keeping
to a 1/2 hose identical to what is found with system is the best
choice as this is a hard plastic and will not be sucked in. Also, with
larger hoses you may have more air in the system and less draw with the
larger diameter hose.
When first priming the system you may find yourself frustrated as air
will be in the pump to begin with and this makes for a weak siphon. Getting
water to replace the air can take awhile if the water is being drawn in
from the pumps. It's recommended to have the water gravity fed into the
system so the pumps don't have to draw the water to them, this will maintain
longer pump life.
It's not advised to draw water long distances as the pumps are made for
pumping not sucking water. The best case scenario is to have your water
source above the system and have gravity help push the water into the
pumps. If you do have to run the system uphill and longer distances then
20' the initial setup will take time and self priming will most likely
be required. When the initial priming is done and the system remains hooked
into the water source, the air should remain out of the system and proper
pumping should be maintained.
Look at these steps if you are unable to get a successful priming of the
system. These goes for each pump individually as they are independent
of each other and require identical steps to follow.
WILL NOT PRIME/SPUTTERS: (No discharge / Motor runs)
-Is there water? Is inlet hose in the water and not being blocked or sitting
-Is the inlet hose sucking air in at connection (vacuum leak)? This is
one of the most frequent causes. Make sure hose is pushed in hard all
the way into inlet connector.
-Is the inlet/outlet plumbing severely restricted or kinked?
-Is the outlet Valve OPEN?
-Is the strainer clogged with debris?
-Proper voltage with the pump operating (9 - 14 volts).
do you have a charged 12v battery installed?
To pump water through the system the previous steps of priming the system
needs to be completed. Once the pumps have pumped out the air and is pumping
water, the system is operational.
Two types of pumping is available with the system. One pump is connected
to and pushes water through the filters for purifying water. The other
pump is simply a pumping system to move and pressurize water for various
Uses for the filter pump includes purifying and filtering water for drinking,
showering, cleaning, rinsing, washing, and anything where sterile water
is needed. Pressurizing water for RO and Alkaline water production is
also done by this pump. This pump can be used in conjunction with the
straight through pump to increase quantity of water to pump.
The straight through pump is used to pump and pressurize water already
cleaned or potable water. It can also be used to move untreated water
from one location to another. Applications may be to water gardens with
lake water, irrigation from streams, power wash items, basically anything
not needing sterilized water. The water can be moved and later filtered
using the filter pump.
Using both pumps together you can utilize the straight through system
to pump soapy water and the filter pump as a rinse water. You can run
one pump to handle cold water and the other to manage hot water in and
off grid environment.
Pumping water is controlled by the two valves at the end of the system
and also in the front of the system to make water for drinking. When any
of these valves are opened the pressure in the system is decreased which
will trigger the pumps to turn on to maintain pressure. When the valves
are closed on the side or in the front of the system the pumps shut down.
A complete automatic system that provides you with on demand pressurized
When front water valves are opened the water pressure will be lessened
and the pumps will automatically turn on to increase the pressure.
Types of Filters and Sizes
The H2ope System comes with three filters aligned in a row consisting
of one 5 Micron Filter, one Carbon filter, and one UV lamp. These three
filters(2 actual filters and a uv lamp) provide water that exceeds world
health organizations standards for safe drinking water.
Under "normal" circumstances, each filter will last for 3,000
gallons before the flow-rate is noticeably reduced by sediment/contaminants
trapped in the filter. The 14 watt lamps are rated for 7,000 hours of
continuous use. For more in depth details on these filters refer to manufacturers
owners manual. If drawing dirtier water from lakes and such the filters
will need changing more frequently.
The three types of filters and what they do...
1) 1 Micron: Polypropylene filter (removal of sand,silt,dirt
and rust). 1st filter
2) 5 Carbon Filtration (filtering that uses a bed of activated
carbon to remove contaminants and impurities,) Activated carbon works
via a process called absorption, whereby pollutant molecules in the fluid
to be treated are trapped inside the pore structure of the carbon substrate.
Carbon filters are most effective at removing chlorine, sediment, volatile
organic compounds (VOCs), taste and odor from water. 2nd Filter
3) UV: What is UV disinfection? UV light, which continues
to be a reliable means of disinfection, involves exposing contaminated
water to radiation from UV light. The treatment works because UV light
penetrates an organisms cell walls and disrupts the cells
genetic material making reproduction impossible. UV light effectively
destroys bacteria and viruses. 3rd Filter
When Do Filters Need to Be Changed?
Under "normal" circumstances, each filter will last for 3,000
gallons before the flow-rate is noticeably reduced by sediment/contaminants
trapped in the filter. The 14 watt lamps are rated for 7,000 hours of
Visual inspection is the best way to know when your filters may need changing.
The micron filter is there to take most particles out and may need various
changes before the micron filter is expired. With the see through casing
visual inspection is quick and easy. I usually change out carbon filter
every six months with regular use.
When changing filters you will have to use the filter tool provided with
your system. Place the tool over the filter needing replacement and turn
in a counter clockwise direction and the hosing should come off. Clean
the housing before installing a new filter. Place new filter in cleaned
housing and screw in with a clockwise twisting action until hand tight.
Take the filter tool to finish tightening.
When the system pressure is applied make sure to check for any leaks.
If leaks are found you may need to tighten the filter more with the filter
tool. If that doesn't stop the leak, remove the filter housing and make
sure the O ring is in place and make sure it is screwed in properly. Taking
your time and making sure the filter is put back in properly is critical
so as not to have leaks within the unit which could cause damage and shorts
within the units.
***Never remove the UV hosing as that is not needed
to change out the uv lamp, this is done on the top of the filter bracket.
See manufactures owner's manual for details.
Maintenance of Filters
Water purification systems work when they are used and used on a regular
basis. What this means is when you don't use the filtration system for
extended periods of time contaminants can build up and multiply within
the filters. It's advised to run the filtration as much as possible to
keep the filters from forming bacteria and contaminants from building
up. By doing this the filters with run without any additional maintenance.
If the system is stored or not used for a long period of time, anywhere
from a week on, the filters should be replaced and the hosing should be
cleaned and dried throughly. If replacing filters is not an option you
will want to run water through each filter system for a minimum of 10
minutes through each of the water filter outlets to flush the system.
Use this waste water for watering gardens or flushing toilets as it's
undrinkable. You will find a foul smell from water that has been sitting
in the filters for long periods of time and again this is due to lack
of use. Run water till the smell and water becomes clean again. Again
constant use is best and if not removal and drying out of the hosing is
When done running the system the inlet water hose can be removed from
the water source and the pumps can be run to empty out most remaining
water from the filter hosing. This remaining water will start to contaminate
the system again if not used for a long period of time. If you know the
system will not be purifying water for a long time these filters should
be removed and the filter hosing should be wiped dry after you used the
pumps to get most of the water out of the unit. The filters if dried completely
and if in good condition could be reused.
Always run water through the system for a couple minutes when a new carbon
filter is installed to remove excess carbon from the system. A black colored
water will be seen at first and eventually will turn clear and then you
are good to go. If the unit has not been used for awhile always run the
unit for 5-10 minutes to flush the hoses and pumps.
Purified Water Production
There are 3 types of water that can be produced, Purified, Reverse Osmosis,
and Alkaline waters.
Making purified water is the first water and basically all water being
run through the filters is considered to be purified water. Purified water
is made when the water is passed through the filters and UV lamp. This
water is produced at a rate up to 3GPM.
The water is passed through the micron filter first then the carbon and
finally the UV lamp then exists.
When making any type of water, you must have a water source connected
to the Filter In inlet located of the side of the unit adjacent
to the Filter Out Valve. All clean water is hooked up this
way and all water passes through the main 3 filters.
Purified water is sanitized water and meets and beats world health standards
for water quality. This system is able to produce upwards of 180 GPH(Gallons
Per Hour). Use this water for drinking, bathing, washing and any situation
that warrants sanitized water.
***Remember nothing happens till you turn the pumps on and open the outlet
RO Water Production
The next type of water the unit can produce is RO(Reverse Osmosis) water.
With this process the water is not just sanitized but is cleaned. Foreign
contaminants are physically removed from the water and only pure clean
Making this water is done the same way as the purified water but instead
of running the water out the side filter valve it is run out the front
valve. When making RO water two valves need to be opened and both flow
rates are to flow at the same rate.
With RO production waste water is also produced along with the cleaned
water. This waste water physically removes the contaminants from the filter
itself making these filters last much longer then typical filtration systems.
Remember to have the pump on and the Filter Valve closed to force the
water pressure through the RO filter. If the Filter Valve is open and
no pressure is allowed to build up you will have no water going through
the RO filter.
Alkaline Water Production
Alkaline water is simply putting minerals back into the water you just
cleaned by the RO filter.
The process is identical to making RO water. The valve is also located
in the front of the unit and the water flow for the Alkaline water and
Waste water should be set at equal rates.
The pressure gauge allows a visual of pressure within the system while
water is being produced.
The H2ope System comes with a 30 watt solar panel on the lid of the unit.
The main purpose of this panel is to keep the batteries charged during
dormant use. The panel is also capable of running the pumps for all your
plumbing pressurization uses.
Connecting additional solar panels to the system is possible with the
hookups in the back of the system. Up to 400 additional watts can be hooked
up through the back solar connectors.
Refer to the manufacturers owners manual for in depth instructions and
procedures when learning about the Solar controller.
The charge controller is located on the inner lid of the unit. It controls
the energy coming in from the solar panels and takes that to charge up
the batteries. The controller also controls power going out of the batteries.
The charge controller lets you know the state of charge in your system
and power coming in and going out. It also makes sure your batteries do
not overcharge or discharge. It is the brains of the system and you must
become familiar with it to monitor the systems energy status. The owner's
manual provided read and study.
Power Inverter DC to AC
For more in depth details on the power inverter refer to the manufacturers
owners manual provided along with this manual.
The power inverter is a devise used to take DC(Direct Current) produced
by the solar panels and batteries within the unit and converts that energy
to an AC(Alternating Current). Changing the current from DC to AC current
is done so common household appliances and gadgets can be run from the
system. DC current is used for off grid energy like flashlights, air pumps,
radios, and things you would find batteries in. AC current is what you
find in your house outlets. With the ability to convert the DC to AC current
you are now able to plug in appliances you find in your home.
Power outlets and Capabilities
The H2ope System has various power outlets beyond the AC inverter. These
include two 12V DC plug-ins on the front of the unit. Here any 12v gadget
can be plugged in identical to what you would do with an automobile outlet.
Run and charge cell phones, gps, fans, and other accessories. USB adapters
are also another option for powering the latest gadgets.
On the backside of the unit you find a direct 12v connection. This connection
can be wired to 12v systems set up to run off grid applications like lighting,
radios, and other 12v items. This hookup allows for use of bare wires
and/or ringed connectors.